# Research Project (4): Visualize Data Using SAS

Introduction

This post is for the week 3 assignment of the Coursera course Data Management and Visualization by Wesleyan University.

Instructions for this assignment:

STEP 1: Create graphs of your variables one at a time (univariate graphs).

STEP 2: Create a graph showing the association between your explanatory and response variables (bivariate graph).

Variables

The explanatory (independent) variable:

• INTERVALGROUP (categorical variable, 3 categories)
• NUMSH (categorical variable, 2 categories).

The response (dependent) variable:

• S4AQ4A16 (categorical variable, 2 categories)

What do these variables mean?

INTERVALGROUP=”Three Groups with Different Time Interval Between First Episode & First Sought Help”
NUMSH=”Sought Help Once, Twice or More”

S4AQ4A16=”Attempted Suicide”

CODE

Based on the codes from the previous week, I added these codes to display the graphs:

1.Recode:

2.Create graphs:

Univariate graphs

The univariate graphs of three variables:

The first graph is unimodal, with its highest peak at the lowest category of 0 time interval. It seems to be skewed to the right.

The second graph is unimodal, with a higher percent of people who sought help for only one time (57%) compared to those who sought help for twice or more times (43%).

The third graph is unimodal, with a higher pencent of people who didn’t attempt suicide (88%) compared to those who did (12%).

*Note: Responses were from those who had major depression at the time of interview.

Bivariate graphs

History of suicide attempt BY time interval groups & number of help-seeking times:

Recoded Values for the response variable:

0=no, didn’t attempt suicide; 1= yes, attempted suicide

Therefore, the higher the y value is, the greater percent of people in that category attempted suicide.

Conclusion:

Among people with major depression, suicide attempts seemed to have no association with time interval between age of onset of major depression and age of help-seeking, but those who sought help for two or more times appeared to have a higher risk of attempting suicide compared to those who sought help for only once.